A group of deep pots with red painted canvas and weaving-inspired motifs from the Cave of Cyclops on the island of Youra, north Aegean, excavated by A. Sampson, has been the focus of a long study, including my thesis. The pots are partly preserved, were found in a dark humid area of the deep cave’s interior, next to a small water reservoir, and are dated to the Middle Neolithic period (about 5800-5600 BC). Together with admiration for the Neolithic potter’s technical expertise, who had achieved a high level of accuracy regarding the decoration motifs and their syntax, a series of questions arise: may the prehistoric islanders have depicted those complicated motifs from weaved prototypes and what would these patterns mean for them? Who brought those impressive vases to the cave, where from, and why? What is the possible association between the use of those pots and the particular area in the cave where they were deposited?
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